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 Languages and Ethnic Entities of Sabah

 Languages / ethnic entities appearing in red are believed to have their cultural origin in Sabah

Phylum

Super Stock

Stock

 

Family

Sub-Family

Language

Dialects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Indo-European 

 

 

 

 

 

Chabacano

 

2 Austronesian

A

 

 

 

 

 

Butung

 

 

B

Javanese Stock

 

 

 

Jawa TM

 

 

 

 

 

 

Javanese

 

Jawa BT

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

Jawa TU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Javanese sub-family

Jawa SN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jawa LD

 

 

C

North-Western 

 

 

1

Lun Dayeh

 

 

 

Austronesian Super Stock

 

 

2

Banggi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Illanun (Iranun)

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Suluk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 Bugis
sub-family

Bugis TU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bugis LD/SN

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 Ida'an
sub-family

Ida'an / Begahak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ida'an Sungai

4

 

 

 

 

 

7 Malayic

a Iban

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

b Malayic
sub-family

 

Cocos Malay

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bahasa Malaysia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brunei / Kedayan

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 Bajau

 

Bajau (West Coast)

chain

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

Bajau (East Coast)

chain

 

 

 

9 Bornean

 

A

 

Tidong

chain

 

 

 

Stock

 

B Paitanic

 

Lingkabau

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

Lobu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abai Sungai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tambanua

chain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upper Kinabatangan

4

 

 

 

 

 

C Murutic

 

Kolod

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

Gana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apin-Apin (Kuijau)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalabakan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sembakung

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serudung

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tagal

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Central Murut

Takapan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paluan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timogun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beaufort

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dusun/Murut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baukan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nabai

 

 

 

 

 

 

D Dusunic

 

Papar

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

Dumpas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kadazan / Tambanua

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lotud

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bisaya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tatana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kuijau

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kadazan (Eastern)

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rungus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kadazan / Dusun

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

4

 

12

16

36

51 (33)

83

 

 

 

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